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CANADIAN HISTORY
A DISTINCT VIEWPOINT


METIS CULTURE 1708-1714

Cadillac is securing an inland colony, garrisoned by farmer soldiers.

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The Hudson Bay Company, a foreign trading Company, is considered of little significance.

They failed to build inland settlements.

1708

Marie Joseph Cadet, a sauvage (Métis), born 1708 Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died January 11, 1722 Quebec, Quebec, a child of Cadet, (appartenant a widow of Cadet) a possible descendent (I)-Mathurin Cadote alias Poitevin ( 1649-1729)? Sauvage in this case likely suggests she was never baptized or married within the church.

Quebec: birth (III)-Female Castin, Métis daughter (II)-Bernard Anselme d'Abbadie de Saint Castin (1689-1720), Métis, and Marie Charlotte Damour.

(II)-Pierre Chabot b-1665 of the Island of Orleans died August 7, 1721, a French Coureur des Bois arrived at the village of Kaskaskia, Illinois located on the Illinois River. Shortly after he married Symphorose Tapakoe, an Anerindian who died before 1718, 2nd wife married about 1718 Dorthee Mercier epouse after 1721 Nicolas Thuillier at Fort de Chartres. It is noteworthy that Pierre was on the Mississippi River 1700 and was the son of (I)-Mathurin Chabot b-1639 and Marie Mesange b-1645
TWO CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
Pierre Chabot Jr. Métis who married Marie Therese Francoise Lessard
Catherine Chabot Métis who married Paul Filion.
They had other children who married Sainte Anne du Petit-cap.

Pierre Circe married about 1708 Kaskaskia Cecile Monimapita sauvagesse

Francois Bienvenue aka Delisle or Bienvemue-Delise dit de L'Isle, born 1663, died September 29, 1751, arrived Detroit August 2, 1707, 1st wife Genevieve La Ferriere (Laferiere) (family name Charon (Charron)) born December 8, 1679 died before 1708, 2nd wife married 1708 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie La Moyne (Lemoine) (1694-1764), one of the earliest residence likely pre 1700.

Birth Marie (III)-Louise Du Roy, Métis (1708-1735), daughter, (II)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie.; married 1735,Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Alexis Trotier des Ruisseaux. This is either an error, a different Roy or he had two wives?

Louis Thomas Joncaire de Chabert (1670-1740) is with Father de Lamberville at Fort Ononage.

(II)-Jacques Langlois, b-1676, died January 30, 1733, Montreal and Marie Renee Toupin Dussault and their five children are in Detroit from 1708 to 1715.

(III)-Marie Madeleine Langlois b-1708, died October 29, 1763, Detroit, daughter (II)-Jacques Langlois, b-1676 and Marie Renee Topin Dussault: married February 18, 1737 Montreal, (III)-Louis Gervaise, born 1708, died February 7, 1763 Detroit. It would appear Marie lived most of her life (1708-1763) in Detroit, she was in Montreal 1737-1745.

Francois Joseph Hertel de Moncour (1642-1722) is the commander at Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario) 1709-1712.

Father James de Heu, a Jesuit is a missionary at Senecas Country 1708.

Pierre d'Ailleboust, sieur d'Argenteuil (1669-1711) at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) is transferred with Outavious to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), by Cadillac.

Pierre Cardinal (1665-1719) settled in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Mobile, (II)-Gabriel Baudreau born July 24, 1666 Montreal son (I)-Urbain I. Baudreau; Gabriel married August 15, 1701 (II)-Catherine Fortier. Gabriel is listed a voyageur (allant a mobile) active in 1708.

(IV)-Francois Denis, Métis, b-1708, Quebec died January 22, 1732 Beaumont, Quebec son (III)-Nicolas Denis, sieur de Fronsac, Métis (1682-1732) and Marie Sauvagesse, died February 3, 1732 Beaumont, Quebec.

Jean Baptiste Gros, born December 22, 1672 Montreal, Quebec, arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Jean Baptiste Gourion (possible alias Gouriau) sergeant at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and farmer is married to Louise Chaudillon or alias Rhodillon as recorded in St. Anne's Church, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Antoine Gourion alias Gorion born April 26, 1708,Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) son Jean Baptiste Gourion.

(II)-Michel Colin alias LaLiberte born 1677, an engage to the West, his sons (III)-Francois Colin born 1706 and (III)-Claude Colin born 1708 are also listed as voyagers. To add to the confusion early records suggest Colin is a possible relation of (III)-Oliver Garneau alias Coline de Carillon, also Garao, Gavahau and Perrin de Louargat.

John Oldmixon, in his book 'The British Empire in America' which was published this year, dismissed the Hudson Bay Company as being of little significance. The fur acquired through the Hudson Bay is only a fraction of the Canadian trade because they had no inland posts. Some were attacking the basic foundation of the Hudson Bay Company. These Monopolies are considered as being overgrown plunders; the bane of all fair commerce; the ruin of private and industrious traders. Monopolies are absurd, inconsistent and destructive. Those who pursue monopolies must decline in trade.

John Oldmixon, in his study of the ' British Empire in America', wrote that in Hudson Bay, there being neither towns nor plantations but two or three poor Forts to defend the Factories. Except for Albany Fort and the reoccupied York Factory (1714), the physical presence of the Hudson Bay Company, for the next fifty years, is limited to minor trading depots.

The census of the Louisiana colony is as follows:
14 superior officers
76 soldiers
13 sailors
2 Canadian clerks
1 Superintendent of warehouses
3 priests
6 workmen
1 Canadian interpreter
6 cabin boys
24 inhabitants with no land grants
28 women
25 children
80 Indian slaves both men and women
60 Canadians living in the Indian Villages on the Mississippi without permission destroyed by their evil and libertine life with Indian women.

A census in South Carolina records the ownership of 1,400 Indian slaves by white plantation owners. In the Louisiana colony the census consisted of fourteen officers, seventy-six soldiers, thirteen sailors, three priests, six mechanics, one Indian interpreter, twenty-four laborers, twenty-eight women, twenty-five children, (a total of 190 free persons), and eighty Indian slaves.

The Canadian French were exciting the Indians about Kaskaskia to wage war with each other, and were on the spot to get slaves to sell to the English. Bienville ordered the Canadian French to cease exciting the Indians of Kaskaskia to wage war on each other to obtain slaves for them. Yet, in the same year, he proposed, since the French would not cultivate the land, to obtain the needful supply of labor by seizing Indians and sending them to the West Indies in exchange for Negroes. And in his report to the home government mentioned above, Cadillac complained of the selling of Indian slaves to the English by Bienville. Such transactions by the French officials were carried on secretly. The Sieur de Ste. Heleine, nephew of Bienville, was killed by the English allied Indians while on such an expedition to sell Indians to the English of Carolina.

The Hudson Bay Company despite years of failure continued to experiment with turnips, carrots, peas and beans.

February 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Louis Coutant aka Ranconte son Francois Judile Coutant aka Rancontre, soldier married to Marie Agathe Bluteau, no rent.

February 13: Quebec, Quebec, birth, (III)-Jacques Dubeau, Métis, son, (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Métis, (1672- 1731) and (II)-Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717)

February 19: (II)-Joseph Girardin or Girardy alias Sanssoucy (b-1682) listed voyager West, possible arrival Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) August 26, 1708. Also listed is (II)-Etienne Etienne (Estienne) (b-1682) voyager West, possible arrival Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), April 26, 1707, permit could have been issued after the fact or this is a second trip.

Jean Paquet b-1682 married Marei Charland.

March 2: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Marguerite Campau daughter Michel Campau.

March 26: St. Antoine-Tilly, Quebec, birth, (III)-Elisabeth Durand, Métis, daughter (II)-Louis Durand, Métis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718); married April 10, 1736 Montreal, Quebec, Andre Lacoste.

March 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Jacques Desmoulins, died April 14, 1728 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son Jacques Desmoulins dit Philis and (II)-Charlotte Sanarias aka Savariaux, d-1744 Detroit, this family is likely sauvage or Métis.

April 2: Pedro de Aguirre b-1678, of San Juan Bautista, was ordered to escort Franciscans Antoino de Olivares and Isidro de Espinosa to the Colorado River to meet the Tejas People. He was also ordered to investigate how far the French had penetrated into Texas. The Tejas People were uncooperative, and the expedition returned to the Rio Grande.

April 26: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Antoine Gourion (Gorion) son Jean Baptiste Gourion (possible alias Gouriau) sergeant at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and farmer is married to Louise Chaudillon or alias Rhodillon born January 11, 1682, as recorded in St. Anne's Church, Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 1: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Pierre Stebe aka Steve dit La Jeunesse son Pierre Stebe and Marie Magdeline Frappier; married Marie Desforges, widow Francois Picard, October 24, 1729. Died March 24, 1731.

May 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Andre Channet a.k.a. Camirand son Andre Channet a.k.a. Camirand sergeant of the troops and Anne Pastorel.

May 15: Jean Tabaux Jr. arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) died 1728 Montreal, Quebec, and married 1710, Angelique Brunet

May 15: Paul Dumouchel arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: Louis Gouin arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: (II)-Robert Germain born Quebec September 8, 1680 son (I)-Robert Germain of Pointe aux Tremble near Quebec City and Brother Alexis arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: Joseph Rivard dit Montendre arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Lyle Trottier suggests this Rivard family is a.k.a. Feuilleverte. He suggests Mathurin Rivard below a.k.a. Feuilleverte (1667-1737)

May 18: Mathurin Rivard and Robert Rivard sons Robert Rivard, Batiscan, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: (III)-Alexis Trottier des Ruisseaux (1688-1769) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) son (II)-Antoine Trottier (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705) brother of Paul & Joseph, married January 6, 1735 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) Louise Roy Métis (1708-1735) and 2nd marriage 1739 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (III)-Catherine Roy de Maubeuf (1716-1777).

May 18: (III)-Michel Trottier sieur de Beaubien born 1675 or (1671-1723?) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), this year married 1700 Agnes Godfroy

May 18: (Pierre?) Simon from Pointe Aux Tremble, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: Bernard Brisset arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 19: Francois Rivard dit Montendre arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (II)-Marie Louise Du Roy, Métis died December 3, 1735 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) daughter (I)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue; married Alexis De Ruisseau (Desruisseaux).

May 19: (II)-Alexis Germain was killed on May 19, 1712, shot by Ytaganish Indians at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Robert Germain of Pointe aux Trembles near Quebec arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) May 9, 1708.

May 19: Joseph Gouin arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) with supplies for Dufiguler, major of Fort Pontchartraim du Detroit, New France (Michigan): two barrels rum, one barrel salt, two barrels powder, small parcel goods and two bags of bullets - 400 lbs in all.

May 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Paul Alexander Guillet born 1690 died June 7, 1753 Montreal, Quebec, a merchant, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), acted as godfather to Paul Alexander Campau September 14, 1709. Louis Gustineau is also listed Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), arrived this date.

May 19: Pierre (Antoine) Robert dit Lafontaine with his wife Angelique Ptolomee (Tholme) and his children arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Angelique 2nd marriage August 16, 1716 Guillaume Bouche. (IV)-Mary Peltier born 1697 Lachine, Quebec sister of John Francois Peltier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) with her step parents Peter Roberts and Angelique Ptolomee. (III)-Mary Louisa Robert born December 15, 1698 Lachine, Quebec also arrived Quebec with her parents; she married her step brother John Francois Peltier and after his death 2nd marriage January 7, 1725 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (III)-John Louis Campeau (1677-1751).

May 28: Antoine Lescuyer born May 28, 1688, Montreal, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

July 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan): Jean Richard, farmer and interpreter, married to Marie Anne Ladecouverte (Yon) is seriously wounded. He departed Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) with his sister Mme Duplessis, 720 livres, for which he holds her note, now in the hands of his cousin, Jacques Langlois, and he wishes the sum paid to Pierre Roy. He did not die until several years later.

July 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Francois Mallet son Pierre Mallet and Magdelelne Dufresne.

July 29: Francois Clairambaut esquire sieur D'Aigremont, visited Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a.k.a. Fort Pontchartrain.

July 29: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Francois Malet son (II)-Pierre Maillett et Mallet b-1670 and (II)-Magdelelne Dufresne dit Turcot Frene widow of Francois Pelletler:

August 12: Jean Larivee, born August 12, 1667, died September 9, 1729, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 19: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (II)-Joseph Vaudry b-1687 son (I)-Jacques Vaudry b-1636 and Jeanne Renault b-1640; married about 1719 likely Detroit (II)-Marguerite Lepage b-1692 d-1730 Detroit

August 26: (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) a representative of Francois Ardouin, merchant of Montreal, Quebec, issued permit to Rene Alexander Le Moyne, Pierre Huet dit Delude, Joseph Girardin and Lapointe, Ojibwa Country, (Wisconsin) engage du d. La Moyne, d'aller au Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 26: Joseph Girardin (Girandy aka Sanssoucy born 1682, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 3: Jacques Campau also (Campo, Campos, Campeau and Campot) blacksmith born 1673 died May 14, 1751, wife is Cecile Catin, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Joseph Lamy departed Montreal, Quebec, with Madam Ranex to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Joseph Lamy later went further west to Kaskaskia (Illinois) to become a church trustee in 1717 and is killed by the Indians 1725.

September 6: Jean Legos aka Laviolette born December 22, 1673, married November 24, 1700, Marie Buet, they arrived today Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Barbe Loisel set out to go to her 2nd husband Francois Legauthier, esquire, sieur de Lavallee Ranee lieutenant, 1st husband Pierre Roussel, 3rd husband 1713 Francois Fafard dit Delorme.

September 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) birth twins (II)-Etienne Fafard dit Delorme and (II)-Joseph Fafard dit Delorme sons (I)-Francois Fafard dit Delorme (1654-1734), farmer and interpreter and 1st wife Magdeline Marguerite Jobin, 2nd wife Barbe Loisel.

September 25: Fort Detroit, birth (III)-Joseph Fafard et Etiene, son (II)-Francois Fafard dit Delorme (1654-1734), died Detroit a farmer and interpreter (Métis?) and 1st wife November 3, 1683, Champlain, (II)-Marie Magdeline Marguerite Jobin, 2nd wife October 30, 1713, Fort Detroit, Barbe Loisel, widow of Francois Gauthier.

September 27: Pierre Henaux arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), along with Pierre Henaux Jr., no rent.

October 3: (II)-Dominique Gareau also Garro and Garraud born January 13, 1684 Boucherville, Quebec arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) with his two brothers. He married 1706 Boucherville (II)-Genevieve Donay b-1684

(II)-Jean Gareau born November 3, 1679, Boucherville married 1712 Boucherville (II)-Terese Bau b-1689

(II)-Pierre Gareau alias St. Onge, Saintonge or Xaintonge born May 1, 1673, Boucherville, Quebec d-1740 Montreal is also reported at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), this season and September 25, 1707. He 1st married 1686 Montreal Marie Guertin; 2nd marriage 1720 Montreal Marie Anne Maugue. Pierre owned a house and lot in Detroit, under the name Xaintonge. They are sons of (I)-Jean Gareau dit St. Onage, b-1643 and Anne Tailbot, b-1653. Dominique and Jean never resided in Detroit but came here together in 1708 and at various other times. Pierre also lived in Montreal.

October 6: Charles Fanereau voyageur is living in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) at this time.

October 17: (III)-Paul Trottier born 1692 brother Joseph & Alexis sons (II)-Antoine Trottier (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705), arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 17: (III)-Joseph Trottier dit Desruisseaux (1668-1708 or 1716) brother Alexis & Paul sons of (II)-Antoine Trottier (1640-1706) and Catherine Lefebvre (1648-1705); married Francoise Cuillerier, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

November 24: Gabriel Baudreau and wife Catherine Fortier (Foretier), voyagers, (married 1701 Montreal), stopped at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) on way to Mobile, Louisiana and had daughter Marie Louise Baudreau baptised this date.

Francois Gognet also called Sansoucy is a soldier at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Jean Baptiste Gros born Montreal December 22, 1673 is recorded at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

December 6: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Angelique Campau daughter Jacques Canpau.

1709

Pierre Francois Xavierr de Charlevoix (1682-1761) wrote: "Canadians are quick-witted and proud...the air breathed on this vast continent is a factor but the example and company of its native inhabitants, who put all their happiness in freedom and independence, are more than sufficient to build this character."

D'Artaguette reported that 7 Frenchmen are growing Indian corn between Lake Pontchartrain and the Mississippi River (New Orleans).

Thomas Pineau, dit Bundemour, sergeant, was stationed in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) at this time.

Franciscan Isidro Felix de Espinosa (1679-1755) attempted to establish a mission on the Colorado River among the Tejas People. The Tejas People however resisted colonization.

Louisiana, birth, Joseph Roy (1709-1761) son Edmond Roy du Chatellereau de Ste Anne b-1665/75 and Marie Anne Janvier; married 1725 Pierre Thomas Laquerre: 1st married 1736 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Madeleine Perthuis, 2nd marriage 1741 Pte. Coupe, Louisiana, 3rd marriage Marie Magelaine Lejeune.

Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1677-1752) son Joseph Chevalier and Marthe Francoise Barton married Montreal, Quebec, Marie Francoise daughter Charles Alavoine and Marie Theresa Machard. This family relocated to Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) in 1719, where they raised their family.

Joseph Lamy arrived Kaskaskia having departed Montreal September 6, 1708, likely wintered Detroit. Recorded as a church trustee 1717 and killed by the Indians 1725.

Antoine Magnan alias L'Esperance born 1709, a savage (Métis) of La Pointe Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), is baptized July 12, 1713 at Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) likely the son Antoine Magnant dit L'Esperance and savage.

(II)-Francois Rivard (1684-1756) is at Fort Detroit.

A hundred Montreal, Quebec, traders and Mohawk attacked Albany Fort, James Bay. Warned by a visiting hunter, Chief Factor John Fullartine repulsed the assault. The assault of English Albany, James Bay failed, with heavy losses of sixteen to the French. This is the only English Fort in the Northern Bay (Hudson Bay).

The Governor of New France, Vaudreuil, regarded interbreeding with the savages with some misgivings, as the Métis children of such unions have turned out to be as idle as the savages themselves. Idleness means not willing to accept the one King, one Religion and obedience to New France. These people demanded liberty and freedom and refused to accept French authority. At the insistence of Fathers St. Cosme and Carheil at Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Vaudreuil, issued orders forbidding mixed marriages with the Indians at Fort Detroit. The Fathers considered Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) as a Sodom or Gomorrah. The Fathers accused the Coureurs des Bois of only being interested in trading furs, drinking, gambling and lechery. They took Indian women with them, rather than men, on their trading expeditions. The men claimed that these woman worked for lower wages than what men demanded and were willing to perform chores; such as cutting firewood and cooking. The missionaries refused to be persuaded that other fringe benefits were not involved.

Governor of New France, Vaudreuil, called the Métis, 'libertins feneans, et d'une independence insuportable," their parents "d'une feneantise aussy grande que les sauvages mesmes."

Fort records and the survival of French names speaks loudly to those who hold the belief that most French/Indian marriages were permanent.

Early in the eighteenth century life among the French of Louisiana, both rich and poor, was quite licentious, and one of the means of fostering this life was the use of Indian women, slave and free. The demoralization resulting from such a condition attracted attention, and in 1709 it was urged that girls suitable for wives be sent over in order “to prevent these disorders and debaucheries.”

January 4: Fort Detroit, death, (II)-Guillaume Bonnet son (I)-Meene Bonet (1640-1703) and (III)-Marie Buisson.

January 11: Ste Foye, Quebec, birth, (III)-Jeanne Dubeau, Métis, daughter, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Métis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747.

January 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death (II)-Guillaume Bonnet (Delard) of Charlesburg, Quebec, armorer, b-1683 Charlesbourg son (I)-Meline Bonet (1640-1703) and (II)-Marie Buisson.

January 21: St. Nicolas, marriage (I)-Jean Baptiste Mana8iat, a sauvage of Tadoussac (likely a Métis) married Madeleine Langevin.

January 21: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) birth, (III)-Marie Parant daughter (II)-Joseph Parant (b-1669) farmer and (II)-Madeleine Maret (Marette) dit Lespine, (1670-1747).

January 21: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Parent daughter Joseph Parent, farmer, toolmaker, brewer, and Magdeleine Marette.

January 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (II)-Joseph Dupuis son (I)-Antoine Dupuis, dit Beauregard, born 1676 and (II)-Marie Anne Marandeau (Maranda) (1675-170) daughter (I)-Etienne Maranda.

March 3: Nicolas Milhet (Millet) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) married January 4, 1712 Louise Cardinal.

March 10: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth Angelique Poirier also La Fleur daughter Pierre Poirier dit Lafleur and Marie Clemence Maupetie a.k.a. Marie Petit

March 20: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (II)-Marguerite Marquet died March 13, 1761 St Frs Du Lac, daughter (I)-Francois de Marque (Marquet), married 1706 Quebec, Quebec, Louise Galarneau b-1690; married July 20, 1722 St. Frs Du Lac a Pierre Gagnon

March 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (II)-Francois La Mothe , son (I)-Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac (1658-1730) wife (III)-Marie Therese Guyon, born 1671

March 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (II)-Francois Laument son (I)-Antoine Laument dit de Lamonthe de Cadillac (1658-1730) and (III)-Marie Therese Guyon born 1671.

March 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (II)-Pierre Jerome Martiac (San Quartier) son (I)-Jerome Martiat a.k.a. Marillac dit Sansquartier (Sanscartier), soldier, died June 10, 1709 Detroit and (II)-Marie Anne Gallien b-1674.

April 5: Pedro de Aguirre led 14 soldiers with Fray Antonio de Olivares and Fray Isidro Espinosa into East Texas, Colorado River to convince the Tejas People to relocate to the Trinity and Neches Rivers to the Colorado River, 100 miles to the southwest. During their trip they met the Payaya, Pompopa, Siupan, Chaularame and Sigame Peoples. Negotiations with the Tejas People proved fruitless, as the People rejected the Spanish demands and their religion..

April 13: Francois and Nicholas Roze (Rose)?, brothers, arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and Francois Bosne arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

April 20: Charles Cusson, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

April 20: Ignace Hubert a.k.a. Lacroix son Ignace Huberts of Boucherville, Quebec.

May 2: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (II)-Pierre Casse dit St. Aubin son (I)-Jean Casse dit St Aubin and Marie Louise Gautier

May 3: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Pierre Chalut son (I)-Francois Chalut born 1678, a soldat and (II)-Marie Marthe Fortier (1688-1749)

May 12: In Louisiana, a request was sent to France to send 30 females to Mobile to prevent, by marriage, the debauchery which was committed with Indian women. It would also keep at home a number of Canadians who roamed the country in search of peltry and females slaves. They also made a case for Negro slaves, saying they are as indispensable to South Carolina and Louisiana; as the humid atmosphere is so destructive to the constitution of whites.

May 22: Pierre Gaultier or Gautier dit Saguinoira born March 25, 1669, died July 25, 1754 arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Louis Ducharme, voyager also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 22: Pierre Janot, nephew Robert Janot, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 22: Jacques Hubert dit la Croix with wife Marie Cardinal and one child departed Montreal, Quebec for Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

May 22: Nicholas Lefebvre, voyager, son Jean Baptiste Lefebvre arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), and lived on St. Peter's River.

June 9: Montreal, Quebec, or Quebec, Quebec, Sarah Mattoon Fields born April 25, 1687, died March 21, 1752, married December 31, 1711, Zechariah born August 29, 1685 Hatfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, died August 15, 1746 Northfield, Franklin, Massachusetts, son Samuel Field and Sarah Gilbert: Sarah second marriage 1746 Deerfield Ebenezier Field born June 15, 1715, 3rd marriage June 25, 1750 Deacon Samuel Childs. She was captured by the Indians on February 29, 1704 at Deerfield, Massachusetts. It is believed she was taken to Canada were she lived until about 1709, living among the Indians. She made her way to Quebec, Quebec, or Montreal, Quebec. She eventually made her way back to Deerfield, Massachusetts.

July 24: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Magdeline Le Page illegitimate daughter Marie Marguerite and unknown, History: Marie Marguerite La Page born 1684 Montreal, Quebec, married June 12, 1706 Montreal, Quebec, Francois Beauceron (Bausseron) died by 1709 but husband not at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with Marie. Second marriage Simon Gilbert, third marriage before 1720 Joseph Vaudry who had a child, Mary Magdeleine Vaudry, Widow sieur Grandmenil, commis du Magazin.

July 25: Fort Detroit, birth Marie (II)-Therese Beausseron daughter (I)-Francois Beausseron b-1670 and (II)-Marie Lepage b-1684 from Montreal.

August 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Jeanne Leger dit Parisien daughter Pierre Lager dit Parisien and Jeanne Boilard who married Quebec, Quebec, May 15, 1706. See December 15, 1707- a likely error between birth and baptism or one unrecorded death.?

August 25: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Joseph Bienvenue daughter (I)-Francois Bienvenue a.k.a. Delisle or DeLisle born 1663 died September 29, 1751 is believed by some to frequent Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), before 1700. His wives include Genevieve Laferiere, and 2nd marriage 1708, Marianne Lemoine:

September 9: Daniel Joseph Amiot-Villeneuve born October 4, 1665 Quebec died about 1726 son Mathieu Amiot-Villeneuve born 1628 and Marie Miville born 1632; married September 9, 1709 to Marie Kapiouarnokoue (Kapi8arnok8e) and a second marriage to Domithilde Oukabe Nepveuouikabe LaFourche, daughter of KeWaNoQuat, sister of NisSoWaQuet a Ottawa Indian woman

September 3: The first major group of Swiss and German colonists arrived the Carolinas of America.

September 15: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marguerite Boutron daughter Etienne Boutron the Major, and Angelique Proteau d-1754.

October 2: Jean Baptiste Turpin, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 2: Alexis La Moyne, sieur de Moniere arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 2: Francois Legauthier, sieur de la Vallee Ransee, lieutenant arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), died November 10, 1710.

October 2: Mathieu Perrin dit Garaho (Garaut) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), with his country wife married 1688/89 as prisoners in an Iroquois village (I)-Jeanne Therses Pilet (1671-1750)

October 5: Quebec, birth, (III)-Daniel Joseph Amiot-Villeneuve, Métis (1665-1726) son (II)-Matheau Amiot and (II)-Marie Miville; married Montreal, Quebec, Marie Kape8apnok8e, Outaouaise.

October 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Bernard Phillipe Bombardier (Bombarde) son (I)-Andre Bombardier (Bombardier, Bombarde) born Belgium and Marguerite Dumay

October 16: Quebec, Quebec, marriage, (II)-Jean Mercan (1685-1718) to (III)-Marie Anne Denis de Fronsac, Métis, b-1686, daughter (II)-Richard Denis and Anne Parabego (savage).

October 27: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Charlotte Barthe a.k.a. Belleville daughter Jean Barthe a.k.a. Belleville, soldier and Charlotte Chauvillon.

November 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Antoine Langlois, died July 26, 1710, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (II)-Jacques Langlois (1676-1733) and Marie Renee Toupin Dussaut (source Cyprien Tanguay) others suggest wife went by name Marie Dussault and they farming Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

November 22/23: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Charlotte Desmoulins died January 8, 1710,Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter Jacques Desmoulins dit Philis and (II)-Charlotte Sanarias aka Savariaux, d-1744, this family is likely sauvage or Métis.

December 1: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Marie Louise Hemart (Haimart) daughter Pierre Haimart a.k.a Delainart and Marie Laland.

December 11: Detroit, birth Pierre Hubert, (Lacroix) voyager, died October 11, 1724, son Jacques Hubert di la Croix and Marie Cardinal.

December 21: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Montfort, soldier, found dead in the woods, at the foot of a tree, buried this date.

December 25: St. Nicolas, Quebec, birth, (III)-Genevieve Durand, Métis, died January 21, 1710, St. Nicolas, daughter (II)-Louis Durand, Métis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

1710

Marriages (III)-Daniel Joseph Amiot dit Villeneuve, born October 5, 1665, Quebec, son (II)-Mathieu Amiot (Aymot) (1628-1688) and (II)-Marie Miville (1632-1702); 1st marriage Montreal, September 2, 1709, Montreal, Marie Kape8apnok8e (Kapiouaphokoue) Indian b-1665; (IV)-Outaouaise Métis 2nd marriage 1710/19 Michillmachic, Domitilade Oukabe dit Neveu sauvagesse.

Pierre Botquin (St. Andre) a soldier, arrived Detroit October 19, 1706 and he also arrived 1710 carrying 50 pounds of powder, at 40 sols per pound, 100 pounds of bullets at 10 sols per pound, and 32 pots (2 quarts each) of brandy at 45 sols per pot, obviously for trade.

(I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) is ordered to restore order by bringing the Fox savages to terms. He combined this order with his determination to remove all Jesuit influence with the Indians. He issued an invitation for all tribes living about Green Bay, New France (Michigan), to remove to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). This included 1,000 Fox, Sauk and some Kickapoo and Mascouten. Most responded by migrating to their earlier home sites near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). The Jesuit would continue to conspire to remove de Cadillac from office. This move by Cadillac is being seen as an attempt to destroy the Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) Jesuit stronghold by diverting trade. The Jesuits would convince France that de Cadillac was trying to create an empire for himself; that he was greedy, a liar and sharp (plausible with charm). What had annoyed the Jesuits most was that (I)-Antoine Laumet dit de Lamothe Cadillac was an obscure man who had promoted himself by creating a noble title: "Lamothe Cadillac". It is noteworthy that in 1704, Cadillac had invited 6,000 people to settle around his Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), overwhelming the resources. This was like throwing gasoline on the fire, creating an explosive situation- as this was the Fox's old home lands.

(I)-Charles Danis (Danais) (1694-1777) married about 1710 Kaskakia Dorthe Mechipoueoua

Birth, (III)-Marie Jeanne Dubeau, Métis, b-1710, daughter, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Métis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747; married August 4, 1734 St. Augustin, Jean Framcois Chantal.

Pierre Fafard dit Boisjoli married about 1710 Kaskakia, Cecile Patoukieoue

Pierre Paul Hubert dit Lacroix (1692-1733) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Joseph Guyon dit Despres is at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Francis Benoit dit Livernois to Angelique Chagnon.

Rene Hamelin, voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Martin Cirier son (I)-Nicolas Cirier (Circe?) and Catherine Prevost; married 1710 Kaskaskia, Marie Anne Beaune (Bone).

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (I)-Richard Michel Bisaillon (Bizaillon Bissilon) died 1728, married (III)-Marguerite Fafard born 1695 died December 26, 1728 L'Lle-Dupas daughter (II)-Francois Fafard.

Nicolas Migneret married about 1710 Kaskakia (Illinois) Susan Kerami sauvagesse

Alexander Sportswood (1676-1740) is lieutenant governor Virginia 1710-1740.

The Indian slaves at Fort Detroit are mostly children.

January 8: Detroit, death Charlotte Desmoulins dit Philis, born November 22, 1709, daughter Jacques Desmoulins and Charlotte Sanarias.

January 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), born, (II)-Pierre Compain (Compien) son (I)-Bonaventure Compain (Compein) born 1674 and (II)-Marie Catherine Badaillac (1673-1715).

January 13: Batiscan, marriage, (I)-Jean Baptiste Courchene, a savage, of the nation of Kikionnas, frequenter of Batiscan for a long time who married (III)-Margueritte Lafond born 1685; widow of de Joseph Fafard; daughter (II)-Jean Lafond; they had eight children.

January 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Pierre Compain son (I)-Bonaventure Compain born 1674 and (II)-Marie Catherine Badaillac (1673-1715); married June 9, 1732 Montreal, Quebec, Francois Cacher..

January 22: Louis Gatineau sieur Duplessis voyager Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), merchant, Quebec, Quebec, married Jeanne Lemoyne at Batiscan.

February 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Magdelaine Le Coutant dit Rencontre daughter Francois Judile (Judit) Le Coutant dit Rancontre, and Marie Agathe Bluteau.

February 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Agathe Stebre dit La Jeunesse died February 21, 1710 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter Pierre Stebre dit La Jeunesse

March: Fort Conde is built on the Mobile River, near Mobile, Alabama.

March 10: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, Joseph Mikitchia born 1694, (Teste Plate) slave Michel Bezailin

March 17: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Rene Louis Laument son (I)-Antoine Laument dit de Lamonthe de Cadillac (1658-1730) and (III)-Marie Therese Guyon born 1671.

March 18: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (II)-Rene Louise La Mothe, died October 7, 1714, Quebec, son (I)-Antoine De La Mothe Cadillac (1658-1730) wife (III)-Marie Therese Guyon, born 1671

March 13: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Anne Dupuis, died October 10, 1723, Montreal, Quebec, daughter (I)-Antoine Dupuis, dit Beauregard born 1676, and (II)-Marie Anne Marandeau (Maranda) (1675-1730).

March 27: Lorette, Quebec, birth, (III)-Joseph Marie Dubeau, Métis,son, (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Métis, (1672- 1731) and (II)-Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717); married August 27, 1731 St. Augustin, Quebec Madeleine Gaboury.

April: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Pierre Channet a.k.a. Camirand son Andre Channet a.k.a. Camirand sergeant of the troops and Anne Pastorel.

April 18: Pierre St. Yves, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), older brother Joseph St. Yves who arrives, August 11, 1710.

April 23: Garbriel Monjeau, (1690-1718) voyager arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

May 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Jean Baptiste Turpin dit Sandrille, born November 23, 1685, Montreal, son (I)-Pierre Alexander Turpin, b-1641 and (Tanguay suggests mother is (II)-Charlotte Beauvais St. Jeme (1667-1700) of Montreal, Quebec?) Tanguay in another location suggests mother was Catherine Del'or (1641-1683) ?; married 1710 Detroit (III)-Marguerite Fafard dit Fafart (Cousseau b-1686), Métis, born June 1, 1664 Trois Rivieres, daughter of the late *(II)-Jean Fafard born 1657, died December 21, 1756 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and (II)-Marguerite Conique (Couck) Métis born 1664 daughter (I)-Pierre Couck (Couc) dit Lafleur b-1624, died August 6, 1665 Trois Rivieres and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e, Algomquine, sauvagesse b-1631, died January 8, 1699 Trois Rivers. There appears to be some confusing concerning these people.
(III)-Jean Baptiste Turpin Métis b-1710, Detroit married 1732 Bout de I'Ile, (III)-Marie Louise Madeleine Vivier Ladouceur b-1717

May 5: Detroit marriage (II)-Jean Baptiste Turpin b-1685 to (II)-Marguerite Fafard dit Cousseau b-1685
ONE CHILD IS RECORDED
(III)-Jean Baptiste Turpin b-1710 Detroit married 1732 Bout de I'Ile (III)-Marie Louise Madeleine b-1717

May 8: Detroit, marriage (II)-Jean Baptiste Turpin dit Sandrille, b-1685, Detroit son, (I)-Alexander Turpin; married (III)-Marguerite Fafard, Métis, daughter (II)-Jean Fafard, (1657-1756) and (II)-Marguerite Couck (Couc), Métis, born June 1, 166, Trois Rivieres
ONE CHILD IS RECORDED
(III)-Jean Baptiste Turpin Métis b-1710 Detroit married 1732 Bout de I'Ile (III)-Marie louise Madeleine viver - Ladouceur b-1717

May 10: Detroit, Jean Baptiste Turpin 1st married Marie Marguerite Presseau Chambly, 2nd married May 10, 1710 Detroit (III)-Marie Anne Fafard/Maconce, Métis, b-1697 and died Detroit September 29, 1752 daughter Jean Fafard dit Jean Fafart dit Maconce or Macons (1957-1756) and (III)-Marguerite Couc dit Lafleur, Métis b-1664.

May 10: Permit by Monsieur de Ramezay to Monsieur Bouat, son of Vaudry for Michilimakina, New France (Michigan), an expedition des Renards (Fox Indians of Green Bay, New France (Michigan)). Joseph Kellogg is wintering at Mackinac, New France (Michigan), and journeyed to Illinois where wheat and fruit trees are evident, as is cattle. The raising of cattle is also observed in the Ohio Valley. It is noteworthy that the natives in this region cultivated fruit trees long before the arrival of the Coureurs des Bois or Métis. Historical writers have greatly down played the Indian's agricultural skills. Over 55% of the worlds different agricultural crops come from the Americas.

May 17: Jacques Gagnier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 18: Jacques Quesnal born Lachine, Quebec, and brother Jean Quesnel born Montreal, Quebec, both from Lachine, Quebec sons Oliver Quesnal arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

May 23: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Laurent Reneau, voyager, married, 1695 St. Augustin, Anne Guyon, moved to Montreal, Quebec, 1698, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) this date.

May 25: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Magdeleine Roy, Métis died October 20, 1732, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), daughter (I)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miamis; married 1728 at Miami village near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Chesne dit La Butte.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Marie Renee Roy Métis daughter (II)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie; married 1730 Jacques Trembley. This is either an error, a different Roy or he had two wives?

June 1: Trois Rivieres, marriage (II)-Jean Masse dit Fafart, b-1657, died December 21, 1756, Detroit son (I)-Francois Fafard (1630-1711) and Marie Richard (1636-1696): married to (II)-Marguerite Couc (Couck), Métis daughter (I)-Pierre Coug dit Lafleur, b-1624 and Marie Mite8ameg8k8e Algonquine, sauvagesse, b-1631, died August 6, 1665 Trois Rivieres
TWO CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
(III)-Marguerite Fafard Métis married 1710 Detroit (II)-Jean baptiste Turpin b-1685
(III)-Jean Baptiste Fafard Métis married 1715 Detroit Marguerite Joseph Querpti Huronne

June 10: Detroit marriage (II)-Martin Cirier son Nicolas Cirier b-1633 and Catherine Prevost; married Marie Anne Bone

June 12: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (II)-Martin Cirier (Sirier), soldier, son (I)-Nicolas Cirier b-1633 who established St. Denis de Chambly, and Catherine Prevoost; married (II)-Marie Anne Beaune (Bone) Métis born 1678, widow of 1698 Lachine de (II)-Francois Lorry d-1703 Montreal, epouse 1710 detroit(II)-Martin; daughter (I)-Jean Beaune dit Lafranchise (1633-1637) and Mary Magdelaine Bourigier Métis epouse 1669/1699 ? Charles Jacques Lachine.
THREE CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
(III)-Marie Louise Angelique Cirier Métis b-1714 Pointe Claire married 1732 Longue Pointe (II)-Joseph Bachan d-1754
(III)-Antoine Cirier Métis b-1718 Montreal married 1740 Longue Pointe (III)-Marie Joseph Lenior b-1720
(III)-Marthe Cirier Métis married 1727 Montreal Jacques Denis
(III)-Angelique Cirier Métis married 1750 (III)-Francois Durivage b-1716

June 30: Fort Detroit, marriage (I)-Richard Michel Bisaillon d-1728 to (III)-Marie Marguerite Fafard, born July 22, 1695 Batiscan, daughter (II)-Francois Fafard dit Lapavanne, d-1734 and (II)-Marie Marguerite Jodin (1666-1711)
TWO CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
(II)-Michel Bisaillon b-1713 d-1749 Montreal, married 1740 Laprairie Marie Madeleine Perrier
(II)-Marie Marguerite Bisaillon b-1718 Lapraire, married 1748 Montreal Nicolas Ducorps

June 30: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, Richard le Michel Bizaillon (Bisaillon) son of Benoit Bisaillon and Louise Blaye of Clairmount in Auvergne; married Marguerite Fafard dit Delorme daughter Francois Fafard dit Delorme (1654-1734), farmer and interpreter and 1st wife Magdeline Marguerite Jobin, 2nd wife Barbe Loisel.

(II)-Louis Joliette Bissot (1660-1710), Voyager to the Mississippi? Unless this is a son of Joliette?? L'Abbe Cyprein Tanguay records Louis Joliette (Jolliet) (1645-1700) who married October 7, 1675 (II)-Claire Francoise Bissot is the discoverer of the Mississippi. It is noteworthy he is not recorded as a second generation in the marriage record, nor is his death.

July 28: Boucherville, marriage, (I)-Nicolas Doyon (Panis de Nation; Forgeron) married (II)-Marie Louise Gareau born 1688 daughter (I)-Pierre Gareau.

The Cree informed the Chief Trader at Fort Albany that the Canadians (Métis) are at the headwaters and tributaries of the Albany River. The Hudson Bay Company begins recruiting in the Orkney region of Scotland for those accustomed to boats, assuming this qualified them to operate canoes that the English could not master. Orkney is from the Viking word Orkneyjar meaning Seal Island. They, however, showed no more skill than the English did at navigating the canoe. They also demonstrated great reluctance to leave the security of the Fort.

August 11: Joseph St. Yves a.k.a. St. Ange dit Hogue arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as an engage.

August 11: Pierre Hubert dit Lacroix (1692-1733), voyager, brother Jacques Hubert dit Lacroix b-1684; married, Francoise Cardinal, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 12: Prudent Robert son Louis Robert who married January 7, 1711 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Magdeleine Fafard dit Delorme, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 19: Joseph Vaudry, born 1687, son Jacques Vaudry and Jeanne Renault and married Marguerite Lepage widow Simon Gilbert, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

August 30: Marie Chretienne Guillemot born September 29, 1695 died November 23, 1734 Montreal, Quebec, daughter Jacques Francois Guillemot and Madeleine Dupont arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), in the employ of Cadillac. She married November 24, 1715 Montreal, Quebec, Jean Jacquiers.

September 6: Jean Guyon dit Lachapelle arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Jean Guyon dit Lachapelle arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Joseph Coutier, voyager also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Pierre Rivard born 1686, voyager, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married, 1721, Marie Anne Caillia.

September 6: Louis Caillomeau (Galannaux) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 6: Jean Patenostre of St. Lambert arrive Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 10: (II)-Jacques Godefroy or Godfroy dit Mauboeuf b-1684 died November 20, 1730 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a voyager; Paul Chevalier, a voyager; and Joseth Senecal, a toolmaker and voyager, formed a partnership to conduct trading at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Chevalier contributed 255 livres, Senecal 165 livres and Godefroy 43 livres and two guns. The partnership lasted for two years, gains and losses to be shared equally.

September 10: Joseph Senecal born 1674, died February 28, 1738, married to Louise Bareau (Barros)

September 10: Francois Baugret also called Dufort (Du Fort), arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Jean Louis Bourgery arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan). Joseph Ducharme also arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 10: Jean Gazaille dit St. Germain arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 13: After nearly ten years of ruling the West, (I)-Antoine Laumet de La Mothe sieur de Cadillac (1658-1730) is removed from Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and sent to Louisiana as Governor. He would not, however, take this Post until 1713. Cadillac had been a thorn in the side of the Jesuits and some French merchants and men such as Vaudreuil and De Ramesay. Charles Regnault sieur Du Buisson (1664-1739), in effect, replaced Cadillac in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan); as Francois Dauphin/Daupin, sieur de Laforest (1649-1714) is in the infirmary and can't command the Post. Governor Vaudreuil, at the insistence of the Jesuit, ordered Charles Regnault to drive the Fox from Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) back to Green Bay, New France (Michigan). This is to offset the activities of Cadillac and to return power to the Jesuit stronghold at Machilimackinac, New France (Michigan). This decision would begin a forty year war of Fox Indian annihilation that would cost the French the South West and eventually Canada.

Charles Regnault sieur Du Buisson (1664-1739), acting commander Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), is hiring men to work Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 27: Joseph Desroziers a.k.a. Dutremble, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

September 28: Arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) (II)-Charles Reaume, voyageur, possible son (I)-Rene Reaume (1643-1722) and Marie Chevreau (who was born April 17, 1688 Charlesbourg, Quebec?.) (II)-Charles is not listed Tanguay, a possible Métis 1/2 brother?? He was referred to as brother of (II)-Robert b-1668

October 5: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (II)-Marie Anne Casse dit St Aubin born 1710 daughter (I)-Jean Casse dit St Aubin and Marie Louise Gautier; married October 27, 1726, (II)-Charles Chauvin, lieutenant des Milices born 1702 died August 17, 1772,Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Jacques Chauvin born 1665, blacksmith, and (III)-Marie Madeleine Cauchon born 1655 widow of d'Oliver Michel. There was another daughter, Agathe Casse, who married Nicolas Campau dit Niagra.

October 10: (II)-Joseph Parant (Parent) (b-1669) Voyager West.

October 10: Michel Chevalier arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan).

October 11: Jean Baptiste Leduc born 1684 son Jean Leduc of Montreal, Quebec, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), married Marie Catherine Descary.

October 11: John Le Duc, arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) and moved his family to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), in 1732.

November 13: Fort Detroit, death, (I)-Francois Rane pour LeGantier, officer, married November 28, 1689, Montreal (II)-Marie Barbe Loisel, (widow of Rene) b-1663 widow of October 30, 1713, Detroit, Francois Fafard or Pierre Roussel ? died December 24, 1742 i'Hopital General, Quebec daughter (I)-Louis Loisel.

November 18: Clairambault d'Aigremont wrote that the Coureurs des Bois (Métis) are trading to the English at Hudson Bay. Few canoes visited Montreal, Quebec in the last eight years except for in 1708, when 60 canoes descended. Pontchartrain wrote, on this same day: The Coureurs des Boise are useful for the fur trade, as they are the only ones you can rely on. But if we don't supply trade goods to Mackilimackinac, New France (Michigan), they will quickly turn to the Hudson Bay Company.

December 11: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, Pierre Hubert died October 11, 1724, son Jacques Hubert di la Croix (1692-1733) and Marie Cardinal

December 14: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Turpin, Métis, son (II)-Jean Baptiste Turpin b-1685 and (III)-Marguerite Fafard Cousseau, Métis, b-1686 or born June 1, 1664?; married February 26, 1732 Bout De I'lle, Montreal, Marie Louise Madeleine.

Charles Renaud, esquire, sieur Dubuisson, was lieutenant of a company and commandant at Fort Pontchartrain at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) in the absence of Monsieur de Laforest. When Cadillac left Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Laforest agreed to take his place here at once but was taken sick, and Dubuisson was sent to Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) to hold it until Laforest's recovery.

1711

Pierre Bourdon, voyager, arrived Detroit June 15, 1706, married, Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Anne Gouyon

(III)-Michel Baillargeon dit Durivage, Métis, birth 1711 Kaskakia, Illinois, died April 3, 1720 Montreal son (II)-Antoine Baillargeon dit Durivage, b-1658 and Domitilde Ch8ping8a, sauvagesse.

Two serious consequences of the Jesuit interference in the Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) business affairs was the beginning of the rapid deterioration and fall into decay of the Fort and its importance, and the beginning of a forty year war of genocide against the Fox Indians. French troops annihilate the Fox of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) who were formally of Green Bay, New France (Michigan), and the prisoners taken are tortured to death. This French and Black Robe genocide War of annihilation began this year. Charles Regnault sieur Du Buisson had a High Mass chanted in honor of this slaughter. Father Maret of Mackinac, New France (Michigan) wrote: This action will unite the remaining Fox, Sauk, Kickapoo, Mascouten and Winnebago to create terror everywhere in the West.

The Hudson Bay Company is still inactive, and only one stock transfer is recorded this year.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) records 1 horse, (assuming two had died), but the cattle had multiplied from 10 to 29 all belonging to Cadillac. The unmarried soldiers were encouraged to marry Indian women to increase the population of the colony.

At this time Lake Michigan was named Lake Illinois although no Illinois resided in this region. This was according to Father (I)-Gabriel Marest (Marcol) (1692-1755) who visited Mackinac this year.

About 300 leagues from Michillimackinac, a plagu (plague) was visited upon the Illinois and the death of Monsieur Bergier was recorded.

The document 'Monsieur the Chevalier De Tonti' about the Southern America was disavowed by (I)-Henri de Tonty (1649-1704) aka 'Bras De Fer" as his work.

In an attack on an Indian fort in 1711, thirty-nine women and children were captured and disposed of in the settlements as slaves. The two chief expeditions during the war were those of Colonel Barnwell, who was sent by South Carolina in January, 1712, and of Colonel Moore in January and February, 1713. Colonel Barnwell’s expedition took two hundred Indian women and children prisoners. The expedition of Colonel Moore virtually ended the war by capturing the fort in which the Tuscarora had taken refuge. Nine hundred men, women and children were killed or taken prisoners. In both expeditions the allied Indians secured as many as possible of the captured Indians whom they took along with them to sell as slaves in Charleston, and they still further increased their supply of slaves by attacking the peaceful Indians along the route of their return to South Carolina. During the course of the war more than seven hundred Indians were sold into slavery.

January 7: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage, (III)-Prudent Robert dit Lafontaine Métis b-1686 son (II)-Louis Robert b-1649 and (II)-Marie Bourgery Métis (1654-1719); married, (III)-Marie Madeleine Fafard dit Delorme, born September 29, 1691 Batiscan daughter (II)-Francois Fafard dit Delorme (1654-1734), farmer and interpreter and 1st wife November 3, 1683, Champlain, (II)-Marie Magdeline Marguerite Jobin, 2nd wife October 30, 1713, Fort Detroit, Barbe Loisel, widow of Francois Gauthier. Note: Another daughter (II)-Marie Joseph (Josette) Fafard dit Delorme married 1st November 9, 1716, Charlesbourg, Pierre Auclair of Charlesbourge: 2nd marriage 1729 Charlesbourg, Jacques Colombier.
THIRTEEN CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
(IV)-Marie Robert Métis b-1711 married 1728 Chambly (III)-Joseph Vanier b-1705
(IV)-Marie Anne Métis b-1714 d-1759 Chambley, married 1732/1745 Chambly (III)-Rene Boileau
(IV)-Madeleine Robert Métis b-1713 Sorel 1st married 1728 Chambly (II)-Francois Mace dit Masse (1705-1754), 2nd married 1757 Chambly (II)-Jean Baptiste Lariviere dit Riviere b-1710
(IV)-Antoine Robert Métis b-1714 married 1743 (II)-Charlotte Vigeant b-1718
(IV)-Catherine Robert Métis b-1715 married 1749 Chambly Pierre Mace dit Martin
    Marie Rose Martin Métis b-1749 I'IIe Dupas
(IV)-Renee Elisabeth Robert Métis b-1718 Boucherville
(IV)-Suzanne Robert Métis (1719-1719) Boucherville
(IV)-Charles Robert Métis b-1720 Chambly
(IV)-Pierre Robert Métis b-1722 Chambly married 1748 Chambly (II)-Francoise Vigeant b-1725
(IV)-Laurent Robert Métis (1723-1723) Chambly
(IV)-Marie Anne Robert Métis b-1724 Chambly d-1760 St Antoine de Chanbly married 1748 Montreal (III)-Jean Francois Leblanc et Dublanc b-1719
(IV)-Louis Robert Métis b-1726 Chambly married 1750 Chambly (II)-Marie Lebeau b-1728
(IV)-Laurent Robert Métis b-1740 married 1761 Chambly (IV)-Charlotte Cadiau d-1743

January 12: Birth, child Stebre dit La Jeunesse daughter of Joseph Nicolas Stebre. Possible (II)-Angelique Esteve (1712-1733) wife 1727 Pierre Belleperche?

January 26: Detroit, marriage (III)-Paul Dumouchel, Métis, died September 25, 1780, Montreal, son (II)-Paul Dumouchel (1684-1719) and (III)-Marie Louise Tesier, Métis b-1692: 1st married January 26, 1749, Detroit, (II)-Jeanne Chapoten (1734-1750) daughter (I)-Jean Baptiste Chapoten; 2nd marriage May 1, 1752 Montreal, Catherine Valade.

JJanuary 28: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), baptism, (III)-Paul Malet son (II)-Pierre Maillett et Mallet b-1670 and (II)-Magdelelne Dufresne dit Turcot Frene widow of Francois Pelletler:

January 29: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Marie Magdeleine Jobin born 1671 wife Francois Fafart dit Delorme, interpreter.

February 3: Pte-Aux-Trembles, Montreal, Quebec, birth (III)-Jean Baptiste Mercan, Métis, died March 27, 1711 Pte Aux Trembles, Montreal, Quebec, son (II)-Jean Mercan (1685-1718) and (III)-Marie Anne Denis, Métis b-1686.

March 16: Detroit, birth, Joseph Drouet, sieur de Richerville who married Marie Tacumawah Sauvagesse (Miamis) raise his family at the Miamis post. P. Gibault baptisted their four childred at Miamis post.
FOUR CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
Joseph Drouet Métis
Jean Baptiste Drouet Métis
Charltte Drouet Métis baptized 1773 Detroit
Anne Drouet Métis baptized 1773 Detroit

March 31: Detroit, birth Charlotte Desmoulins, died April 20, 1711 Detroit daughter Jacques (Philis) Desmoulins and (II)-Marie Charlotte Savarias dit Savariaux, d-1744 Detroit, this family is most likely sauvage or Métis family

April 3: St. Nicolas, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Charlotte Durand, Métis, daughter (II)-Louis Durand, Métis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

April 18: Father (I)-Jacques Lamberville (1644-1711) died Sault St. Louis, Caughnawaga.

May 8: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Marie Francoise Dandonneau 2nd wife Henry Belille (Belisle), surgeon.

May 9: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, (III)-Francoise Perime Dandonneau born 1661 widow of Jean Desrosiers and had a second marriage November 26, 1705 Champlain Henri Belisle.

May 16: Joseph Drouet was in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) but he never married until 1772 Detroit so I think there are two different Joseph Drouet

June 26: Detroit, birth (IV)-Madeleine Robert daughter (III)-Pierre Robert dit Lafontaine and (II)-Angelique Prolome epouse April 16, 1716 Detroit Guillaume Boucher: married February 1, 1728 Detroit Joseph Desnoyers..

August 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Madeleine Langlois died September 10, 1715 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) daughter (II)-Jacques Langlois (1676- 1733) and Marie Renee Toupin Dussaut..

October 27: Louisiana: A pirate ship from Jamaica disembarked on Dauphin Island and plundered the small French colony, taking everything of value.

(IV)-Madeleine Montour, Métis, baptised October 30, 1711 Fort Pontchartrain (St. Anne de Detroit) daughter (III)-Joseph Montour, Métis, b-1687 and Elizabeth Isabelle Monto/Onontio a Huron

(III)-Joseph Montour, Métis, b-1687, baptised January 7, 1688 St. Francois du Lac, son (II)-Louis Couc dit Montour, Métis, b-1659 and Jeanne Quiquetog8k8e; married before October 30, 1711, Detroit, Elizabeth Isabelle Monto/Onontio, a Huron..

November 11: Father (I)-Joseph Germain (1633-1722), a Jesuit and Superior General of Canada, wrote: The Catholic Apostolic Roman Religion would be utterly destroyed throughout the colony if the English became masters of it. A holy war, crusade, is declared to shed the last drop of blood rather than yield, or enter into any agreement with these perfidious enemies of God and of the Church. If they die in battle, they should look upon such death as a glorious martyrdom. Father (I)-Joseph Germain (1633-1722) still walks in the darkness of ages past. Father (I)-Joseph Germain (1633-1722) also wrote: We must first make these Savages men and afterwards work to make them Christian. They are absolute masters of themselves without being subjected to any (European) law, the independents in which they live, enslaves them to the most brutal passions. Their chiefs have no authority. They are little inclined to submit to the yoke of the Gospel.

November 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), death, Jean Baptiste La Vallee born 1681, soldier, native Quintin, St. Brieux, Brittany.

1712

Post Mackinac, New France (Michigan), moved from Pointe St. Ignace on the north side of the Straits of Mackinac to the south side near Mackinaw City where it would stay until 1781.

Etienne Venard de Bourgmond (about 1680-1730) a coureur de bois journeyed south to Mobile, Alabama to act as liaison between the Louisiana French and the Missouri People.

Joseph Etienne dit Phillipe married about 1712 Kaskalia Marie Maouensaoua

Quebec: birth (III)-Female Castin, Métis daughter (II)-Bernard Anselme d'Abbadie de Saint Castin (1689-1720), Métis, and Marie Charlotte Damour.

Detroit, birth (II)-Antoine Mesny, died February 1, 1794 Detroit son (I)-Claude Mesny (1660-1715) and (II)-Marie Deniger b-1675; married July 29, 1742, Detroit (III)-Jeanne Seguin Laderoute, b-1724

(II)-Noel Piquet dit Piquette b-1732 a voyageur son (I)-Joseph Piquet dit Laflour and (II)-Marie Therese Merienne (1688-1760) 1st married about 1748 Montreal (III)-Angelique Poitras b-1718; 2nd married 1790 Repentigny (III)-Marie Anne Chalut (1729-1784) daughter (II)-Jacques Charlot and veuve de Pierre Baudoin
ONE CHILD IS RECORDED from Angelique Poitras
(III)-Marie Angelique Piquet (1754-1754) Montreal

It is most likely he had children in the Sault Ste Marie region with an Indian woman. May 14, 1748 he was issued a permit to Michillimakinac with a large group of fur traders.
The following decedents are based on the 1836 Mixed-Blood Census (III)-Francois Piquette #41 Métis b-1756 Sault Ste Marie, a drunkard & improvident
(III)-Unknown Piquette married about 1812 Sault Ste Marie Louisa Métis based on child #464-Métis Sault St Marie
(IV)-Father a drunkard, mother dead married about 1822/36 based on birth child #400-Métis in Sault Ste Marie; married Louise Atikoms Métis
(IV)-Francois Piquette #16-Métis b-1798/1800 Sault Ste Marie married about 1822 to 1836 Louise Atikons
(IV)-Joseph Piquette #139-Métis b-1801 Sault St Marie son Joseph Piquette and Ottawa woman; married likely 1818 Sault Ste Marie Lisette #140-Métis b-1808 from Font Du Lac area
(IV)-Jean Baptiste Piquette #63-Métis b-1804 Sault St Marie married about 1823 Geneviene #64-Métis
(IV)-Charles Piquette #6-Métis b-1806 Sault Ste Marie married about 1824 Sault St Marie Mary #7-Métis who arrived Sault Ste Marie 1825
(IV)-Joseph Piquette a Canadian who ran away married 1827 Sault Ste Marie Angelick Ojibway #94-Métis epouse 1830 Sault St Marie Gitsheo Ojibway Indian
(V)-Unknown father Piquette married about 1832 Madaline Piquette #40-Métis had a child b-1832 Sault Ste Marie a bad woman
(IV)-Jean Baptiste Cadotte (1761-1818) married Sauge-mauqua (Marie Janette Piquette a Metis)

(I)-Francois Pied dit St. Francois b-1712, listed as a voyager out of Montreal.

Lieutenant Zacharie Robutel de La Nouve (Noue), (1665-1733) said: It is vain to think of mitigating the pride of the Dakota Sioux as long as there are Coureurs des Bois (Métis) among them who trade in firearms. There is little doubt that the Coureurs des Bois have been traveling and trading the North West for years, likely as far as the Stony Mountains.

Charles Regnault/Renaud, sieur Du Buisson (1664-1739) is still acting commander of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), as the Mascouten tribe arrived in the area, fleeing the Potawatomis and Ottawa for assistance of the Fox and French. Regnault refused his protection and chose to ally the French with the pursuers who arrived and fought the Mascouten and Fox. Father Marest estimated that 800 Fox and Mascoutens were killed or taken prisoner, whereas Regnault estimated the numbers as 1,000.

Louis de La Porte, sieur de Louvigny (b-1652) is back as commander of Michilimackinac,New France (Michigan) for a second assignment.

Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), birth (III)-Marie Madeleine Reaume, Métis, (1712-1781) daughter (II)-Jean Baptiste Reaume b-1675 and Symphorose Ouaouabouigne (8a8ab8k8e). About this time (II)-Jean Baptiste Reaume b-1675 and three fellow coureurs-de-bois were accused in Montreal of carrying out fur trading near Michilimackinac without proper permits. They were to spend the rest of their lives in the King's galleys. It appears this sentence was commuted. Joseph Magdeleine dit Ladouceur was among the four. (II)-Jean Baptiste Reaume b-1675 was back at Michilimackinac by August 1715.

Francois Robert (1678-1756) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), 1706, married 1712 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Marie Lanctot

Louis Thomas Joncaire de Chabert (1670-1740) is the temporary commander at Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario).

(II)-Marie Anne Magnon, Métis born 1712, died september 23, 1714 Montreal, daughter (I)-Jean Magnan (1680-1719) a voyager and Marie Siouse

A slave rebellion in New York is put down but not before the death of six whites and the execution of 12 blacks.

January 4: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage Nicolas Milhet (Millet) Louise Cardinal.

January 11: Becancour (Batiscan), Quebec marriage, (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Métis son (I)-Jacques Couturier b-1646 and Catherine Annennontak, Huronne, b-1649, widow of 1662 de Jean Durand (1636-1671); 1st married January 11, 1712 Becancour, Quebec Catherine Proteau born June 28, 1691, died March 31, 1717 Ste Anne de la Perade (dans l'église) dauighter (I)-Luc Proteau (1668-1752) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Germain (1670-1757); 2nd marriage February 21, 1718 Cap-Sante, Quebec, Angelique LeTellier, b-1699, died December 7, 1729 daughter (I)-Francois Letellier; 3rd marriage April 13, 1733 Deschambault, Quebec (II)-Therese Hamel, b-1707, died March 14, 1737 St. Pierre les Becquets, widow of de Jean Tousignan, daughter (II)-Jean Francois Hamel..

February 2: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), marriage Rene (Alexander) La Moyne and Marie Renee La Boulanger.

March 8: Lorette, Quebec, birth, (III)-Joseph Charles Dubeau, Métis, died September 30, 1713 Ste Foye, Quebec, son, (II)-Jean Dubeau et Dubocq, Métis, (1669-1743) and (II)-Marguerite Harnois (1677-1747.

April 4: Detroit, birth Charles Desmoulins, died January 18, 1733 Picote son Jacques (Philis) Desmoulins and (II)-Marie Charlotte Savarias dit Savariaux, d-1744 Detroit, this family is most likely sauvage or Métis family

April 7: There was a slave revolt in New York City. It was suppressed by the militia and 21 blacks were executed.

April 29: (II)-Jean Gauthier alias Landreville (b-1682) listed voyager West.

May 13: Jean Baptiste Bissot de Vinsenne (1668-1719) arrived Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) to attack the Outagami and Mascouten who refuse to return to Jesuit rule.

May 13: Lorette, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marquerite Agnis Dubeau, Métis, died September 8, 1712, Lorette, Quebec, daughter, (II)-Laurent Dubeau, Métis, (1672- 1731) and (II)-Francoise Paule Campagna (1683-1717).

May 16: Pte-Aux-Trembles, Montreal, Quebec, birth, (III)-Agatha Mercan, Métis, son (II)-Jean Mercan (1685-1718) and (III)-Marie Anne Denis, Métis b-1686.

May 19: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan): The Ytaganish Indians kill (II)-Alexis Germain who arrived at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) on May 9, 1708 son (I)-Robert Germain of Pointe aux Tremble near Quebec, Quebec.

May 20: (II)-Alexis Germain (1682-1712) died Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan)

June 12: The Pennsylvania Assembly banned the importation of slaves but few listened.

June 15: Father (I)-Jacques Bruyas (1635-1712) died Sault St. Louis, Caughnawaga.

July 4: A second uprising of black slaves was putdown in New York City. The slaves killed 9 whites and 12 slaves were executed.

September 11: Louisiana census reports:
100 soldiers
75 Canadians
28 families
20 Negro slaves
No mention is made of Indian slaves either men or women

They also listed 6 miserable Forts; one on the Mississippi River, one on Ship Island, one on Dauphin Island, one at Biloxi, (Biloxi (Harrison), Mississippi), one at the Old Mobile (Fort Louis de la Louisiane, Mobile, Alabama) and one at the New Mobile (Fort Conde de la Mobile, Alabama).

September 17: (II)-Joseph Parant (Parent) (b-1669) listed Voyager West.

September 18: (II)-Pierre DeNiau (Deneau) (b-1670) is recorded as a voyager West.

September 27: (III)-Daniel Joseph Amiot-Villeneuve, Métis, (1665-1726) interpreter of Mackinac, New France (Michigan), and 2nd wife Domitille, now Madame Langlade is at Mackinac,New France (Michigan).

September 27: Michilimackinac, baptism, (IV)-Daniel Villeneuve, Métis, son (III)-Daniel Joseph Amiot Villeneuve, Métis (1665-1726) interpreter, and Domitille and reads later remarried to Langlade, see Sept 9, 1709.

October 25: Montreal, birth, (III)-Jean Baptiste Maillet son (II)-Pierre Maillett et Mallet b-1670 and (II)-Madeleine Dufresne b-1676 widow of Francois Pelletler; married January 11, 1741 Fort Detroit Marie Anne bien venu Delise

November 9: Father (I)-Gabriel Marest (Marcol) (1692-1755) a Jesuit, is at Cascaskias, Illinois.

December 23: Batiscan, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Anne Couturier, Métis, death June 22, 1714 Batiscan, Quebec daughter (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Métis and Catherine Proteau born June 28, 1691, died March 31, 1717 Ste Anne de la Perade (dans l'église) dauighter (I)-Luc Proteau (1668-1752) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Germain (1670-1757).

1713

The Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 ended the ten year war by recognizing the British possession of the Northern Bay (Hudson Bay), Acadia and Newfoundland. The English Government gave the Hudson Bay Company the ownership and sole right to trade over a large territory of Canada and the United States. They called the region Rupert's Land, which embraced the entire region, draining into the Hudson Bay. They had no idea of the Territory involved, and this claim is outrageous from any standard. For more than a century the Hudson Bay Company would be content to remain on the coast, conducting little exploration. From an Aboriginal perspective, this is a ludicrous claim with no basis of authority, neither by right nor conquest nor exploration. Future events would confirm the English had no ownership claim to these territories. The Hudson Bay Company was allowed to trade in the Northern Bay without interference from the French Government. This would not stop the French Canadians, Coureurs des Bois and Métis from cutting off the flow of furs to the Northern Bay, as they had since the 1680's.

Antoine Crozat leased Louisiana for 15 years. The lease was surrendered in 1717 to Duke d'Orleans.

Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Francois Roy Métis son (II)-Pierre Du Roy (1676-1743) and Marie Angelique Faye Lafaillette, Laprairie.; married 1735 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Barbara Elizabeth Dudevoir dit Lachine.

Kaskaskia, Illinois, birth, Jean Gauthier Jr., Métis son Jean Gauthier and Marie Suzanne Capciouekoue, Indian; Jean Jr. married Panis Sioux and had one daughter Catherine Gauthier Métis born 1755 who married Jean Baptiste Brunet.

Anne Francoise Robutell Lemarchard daughter Claude Robutel, sieur de Ste Andre and Susanne de Gabrielle from 1713 to 1717 was hiring men for Fort Michilimackinac,New France (Michigan), where her husband Constant Le Marchard, sieur de Ligney was commander.

Louis Junchereau dit St. Denis/Denys (1674-1744) is exploring the Red River of the south and established Fort Nitchitoches on the Red River. He also visited Mexico this year and in 1715 married Emanuelle Sanche de Navarro.

(I)-Pierre Gareau (1653-1729) engageur of Voyagers to the West departing Terrebonne June 3, 1713. This is the first indication that Pierre commissioned a canoe.

Jean Baptiste Magnan (Magnon) alias L'Esperance (b 1705), became a savage (Coureurs des Bois), baptized July 12, 1713 Michilimackinac,New France (Michigan), and is presently living in parish La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin). His brother, Antoine Magnan (Magnon) L'Esperance, is born 1709 La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin) and baptized on July 12, 1713 Mackinac, New France (Michigan). (III)-Joseph Couc alias Montour (b-1688) married 1713 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), a Amerindienne Elizabeth.

Jean du Lignon, sieur de La Mirande (1686-1757), was hired for the western trade.

Francois Fafard dit Delorme, married, Barbe Loisel 1st husband Pierre Roussel, her 2nd husband Francois Legauthier, esquire, sieur de Lavallee Ranee lieutenant.

(I)-Joseph Montour married about 1713 Elisabeth Huronne du Detroit
ONE CHILD IS RECORDED
(II)-Joseph Montour Métis b-1714 Montreal

A trading post is built at Natchez on the Mississippi.

Grand La Pointe Ojibwa Country (Madeleine Island, Wisconsin) again flourished as a major trading center and would hold a high level of activity for the next forty years. The Ojibwa Nation has, for centuries, used Kitchi Onigum- the Great Carrying Place, on Lake Superior’s North Shore. It is, therefore, not surprising that the Métis and French Coureurs des Bois used these and other native routes to the Interior. Grand Pointe to Grand Portage and Grand Point to River Saint Louis near Duluth became the two major routes to the North West. The Saint Louis River route to Grand Rapids, Red Lake, down the Red Lake River (St. Francois River) to Grand Forks and the Red River of the North, remained the most popular route for the Métis. Grand Portage, Rainy Lake, Lake of the Woods and the Winnipeg River would later become the preferred route of the voyagers. Voyagers are those few who are granted annual licenses to travel in the West. The Coureurs des Bois are considered no better than pirates.

January 11: Kaskakia, birth (III)-Jean Gauthier, Métis, son (II)-Jean Gauthier dit Sakingoara Saguingoira , b-1669 and Marie Suzanne Capei8suec8e.

March 19: Detroit, birth (IV)-Antoine Robert son (III)-Pierre Robert dit Lafontaine and (II)-Angelique Prolome epouse April 16, 1716 Detroit Guillaume Boucher: married November 30, 1743, Detroit Louise Becmont.

April 20, 1713, Detroit, birth Francois Roy, Métis son Pierre Du Roy (Leroy) (1676-1743) and Marguerite Ouabankikoue, Miamis; married 1728 at Miami village near Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), Pierre Chesne dit La Butte.

June: (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730), his wife, Marie Therese Guton, and their children arrived in Louisiana, where they stayed until 1717. He is accused of sowing discontent, and incited the rare inhabitants of Louisiana to leave. He attempted to establish commercial ties with Mexico, and discovered a copper mine in Illinois, but his corrupt mind caused more harm than good. He was recalled to France in 1717, and he died there on October 15, 1730; gone but not forgotten.

June 10: A stern note from London warned Anthony Beale, an apprentice at Albany Fort, James Bay, to trade as little brandy as possible to the Indians, as it has destroyed several of them. It is noteworthy that French brandy is expensive and sometimes scarce because of frequent conflict between the British and French.

June 29: Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), birth, (III)-Jacques Langlois son (II)-Jacques Langlois (1676- 1733) and Marie Renee Toupin Dussaut.

July: Charles Lemaistre Auge and Jean Duligon are hired for the west 8ta8ois.

July 9: Fort Pontchartrain (Detroit) Louis Javillon is recorded here this year and in 1722 married (III)-Marie Anne Fafard/Maconce, Métis, b-1697 and died Detroit September 29, 1752 daughter Jean Fafard dit Jean Fafart dit Maconce or Macons (1957-1756) and (III)-Marguerite Couc dit Lafleur, Métis b-1664.

July 12: Michilimackinac, baptism Jean L'Esperance, Métis, born 1706 La Pointe son L'Esperance and savage.

July 12: Michilimackinac, baptism Antoine Mainard L'Esperance, Métis, born 1709 La Pointe son Mainard L'Esperance and savage.

July 15: Mobile, Lousiana, Alabama: 12 girls arrived from France and all but two were too ugly and badly formed to attract husbands. They requested more attention be paid to beauty than virtue, as the men are more forgiving of faults of virtue. The Canadians, however prefer the Indian women, especially those from the Illinois Country. These Coureurs des Bois occupy their time in hunting for peltry and slaves. The soldiers also all had Indian wives, preferring them to the French girls.

September 10: St. Nicolas, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Louise Durand, Métis, daughter (II)-Louis Durand, Métis, b- 1670 and Elisabeth Agnes Michel dit Taillon (1682-1718).

September 19: (II)-Charles Parant (Parent) (b-1689) Voyager West.

September 30: (II)-Claude LeGris dit LePine (b-1693) Voyager West.

October 30: Fort Detroit, marriage (II)-Francois Fafard dit Lapavanne, b-1660 d-1734 Detroit to Barbe Loisel, widow of Francois Gautier, (II)-Francois 1st wife 1683 Champlain (II)-Marie Marguerite Jodin (1666-1711)

December 8: Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), baptism Ignace Du Rivage, Métis, son Ignace DuRivage and Savage.

1714

Etienne Venard de Bourgmond led a French expedition up the Missouri as far as the mouth of the Platte River below present Omaha and likely beyond.

Claude Charles du Tisne traveled from New France to Mobile, Louisiana, Alabama on an expedition.

Claude Charles Dutisne d-1730 is ordered to erect a fort and trading post on the Wabash River but he instead led his men throught Kaskaskia lands of the Illinois where he is shown a silver mine. He then went on to Louisiana and built Fort Rosalie (Fort Natchez).

(II)-Jacques Godfroy de Mauboeuf b-1684, died November 20, 1730 Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), son (I)-Jacques Godfroy; married about this time in Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan), (II)-Marie Anne Chesne b-1690 died February 13, 1738, daughter (I)-Pierre Chesne b-1654 and (I)-Louise Jeanne Bailly (Bailli) (1663-1700); Marie elle spouse September 16, 1733 Jacques Charles Boutin.

Jacques Guillemot dit Lalande married Kaskakia Marie Titio et Tetiko Sauvagesesse

(III)-Charles Francois Hamelin dit LaGunnier also La Gueniere, Gueniere and LaGuenier born July 8, 1714 Grondines died 1760, called an ancient voyager son (II)-Jacques Hamelin La Gueniere (1680-1728) and (II)-Antoinette Richard La Vallee (1689-1759); married 1st about 1730 (church wedding November 27, 1738) his slave Ikwe (Ojibwa Woman) Marie Athanase a Sauteux woman born about 1708 baptised November 27, 1738, Michillimackinac, New France (Michigan), died March 19, 1745 or 1744 Pte St. Ignace, 2nd marriage February 4, 1748 Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan), Catherine Anastasie (Marie Athanase) Sauteux (1725-1748) daughter of Mouus Sauteux and slave of 1st wife, 3rd marriage 1760 Montreal, Quebec, to girl born 1742 and at this time Marie Athanese was alive in Quebec, Quebec, saying her husband was dead in 1757.

Rose Magnan alias L'Esperance born 1714, a Sauteuse of La Pointe, Ojibwa Country (Wisconsin), daughter of Jean L'Esperance is baptized August 13, 1749 at Fort Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan).

Constant Marchand sieur de Lignery (d-1733) is sent to Mackinac,New France (Michigan) with an order to offer amnesty to all Coureurs des Bois (Métis) who would go to his support. He rebuilt the Fort on the south side of the straits.

(I)-Jacques Charles de Sabrevois, sieur de Bleury, chevalier de Saint Louis (1667-1727), replaced La Forest as commander of Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) from 1714 to1718, and Pierre Des Liette is sent to defend Fort Detroit from the Fox.

Louisiana, Jean Baptiste Le Moyne sieur de Bienville (1680-1767) rejected the offer of marriage to the daughter of (I)-Antoine Laumet de Lamothe Cadillac (1658-1730), saying he prefered to remain single.

Slave Woman, an Indian captive from the north, was brought to (I)-James Knight Governor-in-Chief in Hudson Bay. She described a river or strait in her country, through which the tide ebbed and flowed.

Louisiana, Carate de la Ventre complained that the Canadians carried on scandalous concubinage with young Indian squaws and had children by Indian females. He requested the French be permitted to marry Indian women by religious rites as they do in the Illinois Country. It is noteworthy that no Métis children born in Louisiana up to this time would be recorded or baptized, as these marriages are not considered valid.

The French have controlled Fort York (Manitoba) since 1697. (I)-James Knight is sent to receive Fort York back under the terms of the 1713 English and French treaty, and reported the Fort, occupied by nine French, including a priest, surgeon and an apprentice, is in a dilapidated condition. He said that his house is worse than the cow shed at Albany, and that he doesn't even have a candle. (I)-James Knight reported that an Indian captive from the north, known as Slave Woman, said that a river or strait in her country ebbed and flowed like a tide.

Governor Thomas Lake (d-1743) of the Hudson Bay Company imposed absolute secrecy on all the affairs of the Company. He also restricted any inland exploration. Letters written home by the servants of the company are censored, and all personal luggage is searched before returning to the British Isles. Ship logs and charts are also whisked off. A portion of the wages are withheld until retirement, to ensure secrecy. He used Company funds to enhance his own wealth, and practiced insider trading of Hudson Bay Company stock to the same ends. It is noteworthy that the estate of Edmonton in Middlesex, obtained by Hudson Bay Company funding to the Lake family, is used to name the city of Fort Edmonton, Alberta in honor of this family.

Augustin Simon dit Lapointe 1st married about 1714 Kaskakia Marthe Meroukiouetamoueoue; 2nd married about 1720 Kaskakia Suzanne Akikista

William Stewart of the Hudson Bay Company alleged that he walked from the mouth of the Churchill River to Slave Lake and reported seventeen rivers reaching the continental coast beyond the Churchill River. He alleged to have contacted the Chipewyan and assessed the enormous potential of the Athabasca trade. Meanwhile, the Canadians are traveling four thousand three hundred miles to trade in the Hudson Bay Company back yard. Only 15 fur trading licenses are permitted to be used at Detroit, Michilimackinac, New France (Michigan) and Illinois Posts. By 1716, the number of annual licenses increased to 25.

An army of eight hundred men, commissioned by New France and commanded by General Louis de La Porte de Louvigny (1662-1725), attacked the Fox which numbered five hundred men and two thousand women. The Fox had formed an alliance with the Dakota and is resisting the French.

The savages at Fort Detroit, New France (Michigan) produced 800 minots of corn for export this year. The Coureurs des Bois (Métis) are the major buyers.

Tea was first introduced into the American colonies this year. Tea and coffee was not a common beverage. Colonists prefered chocolate as a nonalcoholic drink, with rum in New York and beer in the middle colonies being the beverage of choice.

February 15: Father (I)-Pierre Gabriel Marest (1662-1714) died Kaskaskia (Randolph Co., Illinois).

March: Coussant Vieu is baptized Mackinac,New France (Michigan), son Ignace Vieu (Vien) (1669-1751) and Angelique du Sable.

March 14: King Louis XIV signed a decree: His majesty offers clemency to those Coureurs des Bois whose inconsequence put them in this regrettable situation. His majesty has ordered and orders, wants and intends that all the inhabitants of New France, who went wood running and trading with Native Nations without leave nor permission and who will return to their homes in the course of the year 1715, may do so in security and without fear of being prosecuted for reason of their disobedience. They go to Fort Michillimakinac, New France (Michigan) to obtain a certificate of compliance. Those not registering or those found guilty of having aided, abetted or kept correspondence with said Coureurs des Bois, be dealt the full punishment prescribed in the decrees, wherever they may be encountered. It is noteworthy that this decree and others highlight the reason why so little is know of the travels and exploration of America by these Coureurs des Bois and Métis of the First Nations. These excommunicated French, without violence, fanfare or pressure of recognition and immortality, conquered a continent. Conquered in the sense of overcoming the overwhelming obstacles and restrictions that were imposed by a French regime.

March 29: Etienne Venard de Bourgmond a coureur de bois with a small party went up the Missouri River with the Cheyenne River in central South Dakota. He wrote; The prairies are like seas, and are full of wild animals, especially bison and deer, in numbers that stagger the imagination. The Pawnees would not allow him to progress further.

April: Detroit, birth, (IV)-Joseph Montour, Métis, baptised July 23, 1714, Montreal, son (III)-Joseph Montour, Métis, b-1687, baptised January 7, 1688 St. Francois du Lac, and Elizabeth Isabelle Monto/Onontio a Huron

April 4: Pte-Aux-Trembles, Montreal, Quebec, birth (III)-Jean Baptiste Mercan, Métis, son (II)-Jean Mercan (1685-1718) and (III)-Marie Anne Denis, Métis b-1686.

May 22: Bitiscan, Quebec, birth, (III)-Marie Madeleine Couturier, Métis, died March 15, 1732, Ste Anne de la Perade (dans l'église) daughter (II)-Denis Joseph Couturier, Métis and Catherine Proteau born June 28, 1691, died March 31, 1717 Ste Anne de la Perade (dans l'église) dauighter (I)-Luc Proteau (1668-1752) and (II)-Marie Madeleine Germain (1670-1757)

July 23: Montreal, baptism (II)-Joseph Montour, Métis born January most likely Fort Detroit son (I)-Joseph Montour and Elisabeth Huronne of Fort Detroit.

September 5: James Knight (1640-1720), a shipwright and Governor of Hudson Bay (1714-1718) and his deputy, Henry Kelsey, (1667-1724) arrived atYork Factory (Manitoba) to accept the return of English claimed territories. The French commander, Nicholas Jeremie (1669-1732), formally turned control over on September 11, 1714.

September 14: The Governor in London orders that, for the Hudson Bay Company, no man is to meddle, trade or affront any Indian, nor to concern themselves with women. This had little impact in the Bay.

November 4: Detroit marriage (III)-Jean Baptiste Fafard, Métis, son (II)-Jean Fafard, (1657-1756) and (II)-Marguerite Couck (Couc), Métis, born June 1, 1664, Trois Rivieres; married Marguerite Queroti a Huronne daughter Joseph
THREE CHILDREN ARE RECORDED
(IV)-Marguerite Fafard Métis b-1722 d-1728 Detroit
(IV)-Marie Anne Fafard Métis b-1724 Detroit
(IV)-Nicolas Fafard Métis b-1727 Detroit

November 4: Brother (I)-Jacques Largilier dit Le Castor died Kaskaskia (Randolph Co., Illinois).

November 11: Chambly, Quebec, marriage (I)-Carle Pavy to (III)-Marie Madeleine Menard, Métis, daughter (II)-Maurice Menard, b-1664 and (III)-Madeleine Couc dit Lafleur, Métis b-1669.

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